We often talk about architectural styles and personal tastes, but we never think where it all emerged from, why there was this need of practical and aesthetic development. Let us take a trip on the history lane and take a look at every important stage of evolution, beginning with the dawn of humanity, as archaeologists reveal. Architecture was born at the same time with mankind, since the beginning of human civilization. Like fashion, we could not enjoy the architectural achievements of today if there had not existed masters from the past to inspire us in the present times. In this first part, we will begin our travel on the timeline of architecture.
Stone Age had inspired the Egyptians, who, in turn, have inspired the Greeks, who have made their mark on Roman architecture and the spiral of influences seems to never end.
Neolithic Architecture (9,500 years BC)
Known as the New Stone Age, dating from around 9,500 BC and the proofs found specifically in the Middle Eastern area seemed to have appeared in a good time of technological progress. In these times things like pottery, weapons for hunting and cooking had appeared and were used by the biped species. Neolithic people of the Levant, Syria, Anatolia and Central Asia used mud bricks to build homes, which then painted with elaborate scenes representing people and animals. By comparison, Europeans built houses of wattle and dry mud. This period marked the beginning of human faith and the desire to make life more convenient and comfortable.
Ancient Mediterranean Architecture (3,000 years BC - 300 BC)
This period was marked by the development of Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome and Byzantium. Between these years there have been numerous historical events that marked global culture. Maritime communications, temperate climate, colonization and the "legacy" left by China, India and Mesopotamia have contributed to the discovery of writing, the use of pillars, doors, windows, arches, sculpture, painting, engineering, alphabet, agriculture, logistics and so on and so forth .
Islamic Architecture (years 600-1700)
Dating back around the 7th century, around the year 600 b.C., Islamic architecture is a mix of secular and religious styles that have influenced the design and the structure that we find today in Islamic countries. The main edifices are Islamic mosque, tombs, palaces and forts. Islamic influences are also found in the Western part of the world today, especially in bathrooms, fountains and interior design, as a legacy of the Moorish that was taken and used by the Spanish Empire and then the conquistadores who brought it to the New World. .
African Architecture (2,000 BC-1,000 years)
Africa may seem a surprising choice, but in case you forgot, Egypt is part of this continent. In fact, Egypt may be considered the frontrunner throughout the continent. Pyramids of Giza are part of UNESCO heritage and are viewed as unique construction of those times. But few people know that this structure had been used way earlier by the Nubian populations, towards the south of Nile River. They are much older and unfortunately, less known, but they are a constant interest in the eyes of historians, scientists and archeologists. Of course, constructions in southern Africa bear no resemblance to those in the north, on the contrary - they have very different traits. But a common feature of African buildings and temples in any region of the continent is the use of fractal paradigm. More specifically, most of the buildings are composed of elements which are similar in large part to their small size elements. An example is represented by the circular villages made up of houses with a circular shape. African architecture uses especially materials such as straw, mud, wood, brick and stone.
Asian Architecture (5,000 years BC-300)
It includes a wide variety of styles from all over Asia, including Persian architecture. The buildings are in line with Asian traditions, deities and technologies in each country. At the moment, the interior design of the houses is heavily influenced by Asian culture. We can include art objects, furniture, Zen concept.
Pic9 maxisciences.comWHEN DID ARCHITECTURE APPEAR AND HOW HAS IT EVOLVED? WHEN DID ARCHITECTURE APPEAR AND HOW HAS IT EVOLVED?